Periodontal Maintenance – Johnston, IA
Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums and supporting bone, which gradually destroys the support of natural teeth. There are numerous disease entities requiring different treatment approaches. Dental plaque and calculus is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Daily brushing and flossing will prevent most periodontal conditions.
Why is oral hygiene so important?
Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum disease (periodontal disease) than from cavities. Three out of four adults are affected at some time in their life. The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is by proper tooth brushing and flossing techniques, performed daily.
Periodontal disease and decay are both caused by bacterial plaque. Plaque is a colorless film, which sticks to your teeth at the gum line. Plaque constantly forms on your teeth. With thorough daily brushing and flossing, you can remove these germs and help prevent periodontal disease. If not carefully removed by daily brushing and flossing, plaque hardens into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar).
Periodontal disease can be accelerated by a number of different factors, discussed below.
Other important factors affecting the health of your gums & bone include:
- Clenching and grinding
- Poor nutrition
Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell, and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets to form. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that hold the teeth in place also begin deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.
Preventing Gum Disease
The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progress.
Learn more about periodontal maintenance through our ADA Patient Education library.
Start Taking Charge Of Your Oral Health Today!
Dont wait! The sooner you take care of yourself the easier it will be.